|| Day 3: Breakfast in Camp
Before heading out and exploring the surroundings of Kharga and the city
itself, enjoy a fresh and delicious breakfast in the restaurant or in your
Temple of Hibis, Bagawat, Nadura, Qasr el Zayan & El Ghweita
- Qasr el Zayan the temple was built dedicated to the god Amenebis, the
local town god. It was built during the Ptolemaic period and restored under the
Roman emperor Antoniunus. The local town here was known as Tchnonemyris which
flourished for several centuries.
- El Ghweita was built between 250 and 80 BCE. It was dedicated to the
Theban triad Amon, Mut and Khonsu.
Templenamed after the town that once existed here. It is by far the largest
and finest of the temples of Egypt's 200 years under Persian rulers. It was
King Darius (6th century BCE) who ordered to build it, and dedicated it to
Amon. The temple was adorned by rulers over the following centuries, but the
original style was always respected. Today it is not available for closer
inspection, as the main structure is swathed in scaffolding.
of Nadura is about 700 years younger than the one at Hibis, and belongs to
the 2nd century CE and was built under Roman rulers. It is generally attributed
to the god Amon, but the few remains of wall decorations represent musicians
playing on percussion instruments and sistra. This indicates that a goddess was
worshipped here. Near the temple, a semi-troglodyte village lies. The
inhabitants built a mud-brick houses, with cellars largely underground. The
purpose of this sort of structure, found all over North Africa, was to escape
the worst heat in summer time.
is a reminder of one of the most central battles of early Christianity; the
dispute over the nature of Jesus. In the 5th century, bishop Nestorius was
exiled to Bagawat for having claimed that only one of Jesus' natures had
suffered on the cross; the earthly nature, not the divine. The large extent of
the Necropolis of Bagawat is the result of this and his supporters' exile. The
tombs here are believed to indicate that worship of the dead was continued in a
Christian style. There are 263 mud-brick chapels climbing up a ridge, the
oldest dating back two centuries before Nestorius, the last dating back to the
Lunch at Bagawat
You will be served a delicious lunch surrounded by history.
After having enjoyed the lunch break, we visit the town of Kharga:
Kharga City (Museum, Pottery, Dancing)
- The museum of Kharga has many artifacts that have been found in the
surrounding desert of Kharga.
- After the Museum you will have the opportunity to watch and buy some of
the traditional hand made pottery of Kharga.
- To get a better understanding of Kharga's history you will be shown a
traditional folkloric dance different from many Egyptian dances.
Dinner in Camp
After a long day you will be brought back to the camp and have dinner.
There will be some activities for you to participate in.
Day 4: Breakfast in Camp
Breakfast and getting ready to return to Luxor.
Return to Luxor